Document Type: Standard
Content:HHS recommends the use of breadcrumbs on all pages.
Reason:Giving users a visual cue to their location on a website is much like providing a “You are here” indicator on a map. Breadcrumbs have the benefit of orienting users to where they are on a series of pages, and where they are in the overall site hierarchy. Breadcrumbs also assist visitors who come into the site on an inside page (via Google, for example) and need to access related hierarchical information.
Breadcrumbs should start with "Home". Typically, for all pages on HHS.gov, breadcrumbs would be displayed as:
- Home > Level Two Page Title > Level Three Page Title > (Page)
- Home > Value-Driven Health Care > Communities > Activities in Your Community
For practicality’s sake, limit clickable breadcrumbs to four levels, no matter how many levels down a particular page may be.
- For a file structure that looks like: Home > Level Two > Level Three > Level Four > Level Five > (Page)
- The breadcrumbs would look like: Home > Level Two > Level Three > Level Four > (Page)
Farkas and Farkas, 2000
Lynch and Horton, 2002
Nielsen and Tahir, 2002
Spool, et al., 1997
Related Web Standards and Usability Guidelines: